Mineral Material Leases (KE04)
This lease grants the right to mine common variety minerals or mineral materials, also referred to as salable minerals, which include construction and landscaping materials such as sand, gravel, boulders, loose rock, common clay, cinders and crushed stone or rock, or materials commonly used as aggregate, rip-rap, ballast, borrow or fill. Prior to applying for a Mineral Material Lease, a Temporary Right-of-Entry (KE29) must have been granted to allow for the exploration work necessary to define the deposit and confirm its economic viability. Prior to applying for a Temporary Right-of-Entry or a Mineral Material Lease, a technical conference with the Minerals Section is recommended.
Mineral Exploration Permits (KE08)
This permit grants the right to explore for what are referred to as locatable minerals, including base (e.g. copper) and precious (e.g. gold and silver) metals, as well as industrial minerals (e.g. potash, gypsum, and specialty clays and limestones that have unique and distinct properties).
Mineral Leases (KE11)
This lease grants the right to mine the locatable metals or industrial minerals that were discovered under the Mineral Exploration Permit. Prior to applying for a Mineral Lease, a technical conference with the Minerals Section is recommended.
Geothermal Leases (KE10)
This lease grants the right to explore for and develop geothermal energy resources. The Arizona State Land Department has not had a Geothermal Lease since the mid-1980s. Prior to applying for a geothermal lease, a technical conference with the Minerals Section is recommended.
Oil & Gas Leases KE13s
This Lease grants the right to explore for and develop oil and gas resources. This includes crude oil, natural gas, other hydrocarbons, CO2, helium, and other substances of a gaseous nature, which are also referred to as leasable minerals. Although actual production in the State is minimal, oil and gas leasing generally represents the second biggest use of State Trust land after grazing.
Special Land Use Permits (SLUPs) KE23s
This Permit grants the right to use the surface for mining or minerals-related activities where the Department does not control the subsurface estate. This would include for mineral exploration, mining of common variety or locatable minerals, or exploration and development of geothermal or oil & gas resources.
Energy Mineral Lease
- The processing of an energy mineral lease takes one (1) to two (2) months.
- The application is reviewed by the Minerals Section.
- A Surface Use Plan must be submitted and approved by the Land Department prior to exploration activities on the lease, such as drilling or geophysical surveys.
- If surface disturbing activities are planned, an Archaeological survey is required and a Biological survey may be required; in addition, any other applicable permits must be submitted for review.
- The review and processing of the Surface Use Plan is also done by the Minerals Section and again takes one (1) to two (2) months.
- Any drilling activities must also be permitted and approved through the Arizona Oil & Gas Conservation Commission (AZOGCC).
- A minimum bond of $25,000 is required by the AZOGCC.
- The Plan of Operations expires with the lease.
- If a discovery (oil, natural gas, helium, CO2) is made, the lessee will pay a royalty to the Land Department of 12.5% of the gross value of the production.